Habanero Chilli Pepper Seeds Red 10
Scoville Heat Units (SHU) : 100,000 - 350,000.
Up to 55 times hotter than the Jalapeno.
The habanero is a hot chilli pepper. Unripe habaneros are green, and they color as they mature. Common colors are orange and red, but white, brown, yellow, and peach are also seen. Typically, a ripe habanero chilli is 6 cm (0.8–2.4 in) long. Habanero chillies are very hot, rated 100,000–350,000 on the Scoville scale.
Theses seeds are open pollinated and have a tested germination rate of 85%.
The habanero chilli comes from the Amazonas region, and from there it was spread through Mexico. One domesticated habanero, which was dated at 8,500 years old, was found at an archaeological dig in Peru. An intact fruit of a small domesticated habanero, found in pre-ceramic levels in Guitarrero Cave in the Peruvian highlands, was dated to 6500 BC.
The habanero was carried north to the Caribbean via Colombia. Upon its discovery by Spaniards, the habanero chilli was rapidly disseminated to other adequate climate areas of the world, to the point that 18th-century taxonomists mistook China for its place of origin and called it Capsicum chinense ("the Chinese pepper").
Today, the largest producer is Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. Habaneros are an integral part of Yucatecan food. Habanero chillies accompany most dishes in Yucatan, either in solid or purée/salsa form. Other modern producers include Belize, Panama (locally named ají chombo), Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, and parts of the United States, including Texas, Idaho, and California. While Mexico is the largest consumer of this spicy ingredient, its flavor and aroma have become increasingly popular all over the world.
The Scotch bonnet is often compared to the habanero, since they are two varieties of the same species, but have different pod types. Both the Scotch bonnet and the habanero have thin, waxy flesh. They have a similar heat level and flavor. Although both varieties average around the same level of "heat", the actual degree of piquancy varies greatly from one fruit to another with genetics, growing methods, climate, and plant stress.
The habanero's heat, its fruity, citrus-like flavor, and its floral aroma have made it a popular ingredient in hot sauces and spicy foods.
In 1999, the habanero was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's hottest chili, but it has since been displaced by a number of other peppers, the record tending to change every few years.
Habaneros thrive in hot weather. As with all peppers, the habanero does well in an area with good morning sun and in soil with a pH level around 5 to 6 (slightly acidic). The habanero should be watered only when dry. Overly moist soil and roots will produce bitter-tasting peppers.
The habanero is a perennial flowering plant, meaning that with proper care and growing conditions, it can produce flowers (and thus fruit) for many years. Habanero bushes are good candidates for a container garden. In temperate climates, though, it is treated as an annual, dying each winter and being replaced the next spring. In tropical and subtropical regions, the habanero, like other chillies, will produce year round. As long as conditions are favorable, the plant will set fruit continuously
- Sow Moderate Climate: Sep-Nov
- Sow Warm Climate: Aug-Dec
- Sow Sub-Tropical Climate: Jul-Mar
- Sow Tropical Climate: All Year Round
- Sowing Method: Raise Seedlings
- Depth: 4mm
- Row Spacing: 80-100cm
- Plant Spacing: 50-60cm
- Soil Temp: 25-28 °C
- Emerge: 10-25 Days
- Harvest: 60-120 Days
|Unit Of Measure||ea|
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